What is special purpose and general purpose computer?

  • Special purpose computer: This is the computer designed for a particular type of application only. It is defined as a stored program digital computer, whose architecture is oriented towards one or more applications. 
    • Examples: 
      • Computer meant for process control in an industry. 
      • Computer meant for air traffic control. 
      • Computer used in robots. 
      • Computer used for desktop publishing, etc.
  • General purpose computer: This is the computer designed to solve a wide variety of problems from different fields. The hardware and software of such systems are adaptable for different environments. 
    • Examples:
      • Most of the computers used in our normal day to day work are general purpose computers.

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