What is constant?
- In programming, a constant is a value that never changes. It is a location in computer memory that gets the value before execution of the program and that can be used in the program.
- A program to find the circumference of a circle. (Qbasic code)
INPUT "Enter the radius of circle"; r
pi = 3.14
c = 2 * pi * r
PRINT "The circumference of the circle is "; c
- In the given program,
- the value of 'r' is not fixed. Its value can be changed according to the user. So, 'r' is variable.
- the value of 'pi' is already given so its value is fixed. And it remains same in the entire program. So, 'pi' is constant.
- A constant may be a character, text or number which can hold any
data and which has value assigned before the execution of program.
- Constant is of two types:
- Numeric constant
- String constant